Autoimmune refers to a condition in which the body's immune system attacks its own cells, tissues, and organs, mistaking them for foreign invaders. Autoimmune diseases can affect almost any part of the body and can lead to a wide range of symptoms, depending on which tissues or organs are affected.
Examples of autoimmune diseases include rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, multiple sclerosis, and type 1 diabetes. These diseases are diagnosed through a combination of clinical evaluation, laboratory tests, and imaging studies.
The diagnosis of an autoimmune disease usually involves the following steps:
Clinical evaluation: The physician will perform a thorough physical examination and take a detailed medical history to identify any symptoms or risk factors for autoimmune disease.
Laboratory tests: Blood tests can be performed to look for antibodies, immune cells, or other markers of inflammation that may indicate the presence of an autoimmune disease.
Imaging studies: Imaging tests, such as X-rays, CT scans, or MRIs, may be used to look for signs of damage or inflammation in affected tissues or organs.
Biopsy: In some cases, a small sample of tissue may be taken from an affected organ for examination under a microscope.
Once a diagnosis is made, treatment may involve medications to suppress the immune system and reduce inflammation, as well as lifestyle changes to manage symptoms and prevent complications.
Human Leukocyte Antigen B27 (HLA B27) RT-PCR Detection Kit for Exon 2/ Exon 3 for the detection of HLA-B27 allele related to ankylosing spondylitis through real-time PCR, using DNA extracted from Whole Blood, Plasma, or Serum with cyp17a1 as Internal Control.ADD TO SHORTLIST